The Virgin Birth

Christmas Message on the Birth of Christ

The following is my sermon notes at Christ Bible Church on Sunday, December 14, 2014. The title of the message today is: The Birth of our Lord Jesus Christ. We will be looking at the virgin birth, the deity of Christ & the impeccability of Christ. Our main text is found in Matthew 1: 18-25. As way of introduction I want to give an overview on the birth of Christ. This is recorded in two of the four Gospels; Matthew & Luke.

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CBC Bible Study Outline

Philip the Evangelist

Below is an outline of our Tuesday Night Bible Study held at Christ Bible Church – October 28, 2014. The story of Philip the Evangelist takes place mostly in the book of Acts chapter eight. We will be looking at Philip and the Ethiopian eunuch in Acts 8:26-40. I would encourage you to read all of the chapter on your own, as to all the Bible for that matter.

Introduction: At least 15 people in the New Testament are referred to as apostles, a few as prophets, several as teachers, and a few (local church elders) as pastors of the churches. Only one person, however, is called an evangelist. Paul instructs Timothy to “do the work of an evangelist” 2 Tim 4:5, but he was never called an evangelist. Only Philip, one of the original seven is called an evangelist Acts 21:8. Eph 4:11 is the only other mention of an evangelist in the New Testament. Continue reading

Baptism – Water

 Water Baptism

As I was searching the Scriptures for another reason, I noticed that in the early Church, the new converts to Christ were baptized immediately upon conversion. This is something of a rarity today. Perhaps this is because not that many are being converted, at least here in America. I think more of a reason is that we do not stress the obedience to water baptism as the early church did. One of the things that has flown in the face of the modern practice of baptism is the many false teachings on the subject. Because so many cults and religious systems put baptism as a means to be saved, it is harder to bring up the subject to people without all the disclaimers. A prime example is in Acts 2:38 when Peter says, “repent and be baptized”, that passage is usually not read “as is” to an audience in an evangelism setting. The common practice today is for people who have been saved for a number of years is to schedule a baptism service at a church. There is nothing wrong with that and it is great they are being baptized. I say wonderful! Some churches even have baptism classes. The precedence in the early church however shows converts being baptized pretty much right away.

This paper may not be exhaustive on the subject; however I will cover some things that stand out to me in the Scriptures as to the topic of water baptism. I know there is some disagreement about the method of water baptism. Let’s just say that I believe that the Bible teaches immersion (or submersion). I also believe that baptism is not for babies or young children. I also believe that the act of baptism does not save anyone, nor do you need to be baptized to enter heaven. Maybe I will start with the occasions of baptism in the New Testament. Although baptism was an antitype in the Old Testament and the Jewish people were familiar with baptizing before John the Baptist, I will limit my discourses within the New Testament.

The Occasions of Water Baptism

The Crowds (or Multitudes) Were Baptized
The crowds were baptized by John the Baptist. Specifically the common people, tax collectors, and soldiers were the ones baptized. Matt 3:1-12 Mark 1:1-8 Luke 3:1-20

The Pharisees and Sadducees Reject John’s Baptism
Matt. 21:31-32 Luke 7:30 Note: It is the will of God to be baptized.

Jesus is Baptized
Jesus Himself was baptized. This should tell us something. Matt. 3:13 See also Mark 1:9-11 and Luke 3:21-22

Jesus Disciples Baptize New Disciples
John 4:1-2 entire passage; John 4:1-4

Large Crowd at Pentecost
A very large number of people were saved and baptized. Acts 2:41

Men & Women of Samaria
Philip preaches the Gospel in Samaria Acts 8:12

Simon the Sorcerer
Under the ministry of Philip the Evangelist Acts 8:13

Ethiopian Eunuch
The one Philip ministered to after leaving Samaria Acts 8:38

Apostle Paul
The Apostle Paul was baptized after his conversion. Acts 9:18

Gentile Converts
Peter sent by the Lord to the house of Cornelius and they be lived and are baptized. Acts 10:48

Lydia of Philippi
This is the woman who the Lord opened her heart to hear and respond to Paul as he preached Jesus to her. Acts 16:15

Philippian Jailer and His Family
This man about to kill himself sees the witness of Silas and Paul. He then believes and He and his household are saved and baptized. Acts 16:33

Crispus and Corinthians
This is one of Paul’s converts. Acts 18:8

John the Baptist’s Disciples in Ephesus
These men had not heard of the Holy Spirit and were only baptized in John’s baptism. Acts 19:5

Gaius & Stephanas
Crispus mentioned above along with Gaius and Stephanas who Paul forgot he baptized. 1 Cor. 1:14-16

The Great Commission
Part of the instructions of Jesus before leaving back into heaven. Matt. 28:19

Immediate Baptism

In all of the examples above, the people were baptized immediately either after repentance, in the case of John the Baptist’s ministry or after believing upon hearing the Gospel in the case of the other preachers. It is possible today we associate baptism more with discipleship than we do conversion. If so, this may explain the careful teachings about baptism and a elapsed period of time before people are baptized in our American churches today.

Does Baptism Save?

Does the literal physical act of baptism save us? I would answer this no. No external act is necessary for salvation. Salvation is by divine grace through faith alone Rom 3:22-30 Rom 4:5 Gal 2:16 Eph 2:8-9 Phil 3:9 Etc.

The penitent woman, Luke 7:37-50 the paralytic man, Matthew 9:2 the publican, Luke 18:13-14 and the thief on the cross Luke 23:39-43 all experienced forgiveness of sins apart from baptism. Note the thief on the cross who never came down and was baptized before he died, yet he was to be in paradise according to Jesus Christ’s own words.
Footnote: The above two paragraphs taken from

Secondly, Paul states that was not sent to baptize but to preach the Gospel. 1 Cor. 1:10-17 Here you have the arguing amongst the Corinthian believers as to who they followed bragging on behalf of one leader over the other. In the Apostle Paul’s correction he brings up the fact that he has only baptized a few people. Perhaps one of the points of contention was who they were baptized by. If you actually had to go through the act of baptism to be saved certainly Paul would have mentioned it here. Instead he says he was not sent to baptize. From other New Testament Scripture you would definitely ascertain that Paul was representing the true Gospel and the whole counsel of God. Rom 2:16 Rom 16:25 1 Tim. 1:11 2 Tim. 2:8 Acts 20:26 27

The Great Commission according to Mark. Mark 16:16 In the second part of this verse it states that he who does not believe will be condemned, not he who is not baptized will be condemned.

Baptism a symbol or anti-type 1 Peter 3:21

What Purpose Does Baptism Serve?

Baptism is a symbolic act of obedience showing that we have been converted into the faith and believe Jesus Christ is Lord. Going down in the water is the death and burial of the old sinful man and coming up out of the water symbolizes the resurrection of the new man in Christ. Being baptized identifies us with Jesus Christ as His follower. Baptism is a (not the only) evidence of someone’s salvation. Rom 6:1-5 Col. 2:12 and Gal. 3:27

Baptism is also a way for us to practically put our faith into action and demonstrate to the world that we’ve died to our old selves and desires, and have received a new resurrection life in Christ. It keeps us accountable and mindful that the world is watching us and expects to see some sort of change in our lives. In many foreign countries people who are baptized into Jesus Christ are severely ostracized by family members and their culture. Some are even killed.

Baptism for the Dead

A passage that I feel most commentators get wrong. 1 Cor.15:29 full context: 1 Cor.15:12-32 I have heard many commentaries on this passage all having to do with a pagan practice of baptizing the dead in their rituals. Some relate it to the Catholics or Mormons in their practices of proxy. I believe what Paul is trying to point out here is his rebuttal to the dead do not rise, arguing like an attorney. In verse 12 Paul addresses the idea of someone saying there is no resurrection. Paul goes on a lengthy discourse refuting this notion. All he is saying here is that if there is no resurrection then why are we (Christians) baptized for the dead (meaning Jesus). If there is no resurrection then Christ is still dead and not alive, why would we be baptized for that? That is Paul’s argument here. I don’t think it has anything to do with some crass ritual in that culture.

Is Street Preaching Biblical?

What Does the Bible Say About Street Preaching?

Over the years, and most recently, I have had many people, mostly Christians, ask the question; “Is street preaching Biblical?” or something similar like: “Why do you preach in public?” In this article I will answer the question by looking at four examples and then listing many other scriptures on the subject. All of this will be in the New Testament. I cannot re-write the whole Bible which is what I would have to do to give all the examples.

Example 1: Acts 8:5-6. In verse 5 it says that Philip went down to a city in Samaria and preached Christ to them. The word for preached here is Kēryssō to be a herald, to officiate as a herald and to proclaim after the manner of a herald, always with the suggestion of formality, gravity and an authority which must be listened to and obeyed. Before the days of media and even print, a herald was used to go out and announce to people the message or news from the King. It tells us in verse 6 that Philip’s audience was the multitudes. Knowing the times and culture it is reasonable to conclude that this was outside and not in a building, and definitely not a church building. There is nothing wrong with inviting people to church, in fact I would encourage you to do so however; preaching openly in a public place to multitudes of people I see as a Biblical method and pattern.

Example 2: Acts 2:14 But Peter, standing up with the eleven, raised his voice and said to them, “Men of Judea and all who dwell in Jerusalem, let this be known to you, and heed my words.”

The city of Jerusalem was swelling with men from all the known world to attend one of the required Jewish feasts – Pentecost. It was from an open rooftop that Peter delivered the Gospel to the crowds below. Again we can safely conclude that they were outside in the open air. 3,000 souls were saved that day. Peter raising his voice above the crowds proclaimed the message of Jesus Christ.

Example 3: Romans 10:14-15 How then shall they call on Him in whom they have not believed? And how shall they believe in Him of whom they have not heard? And how shall they hear without a preacher? And how shall they preach unless they are sent? As it is written: “How beautiful are the feet of those who preach the gospel of peace, “Who bring glad tidings of good things!” Twice in this passage Paul uses the word Kēryssō he also uses a quote from the Old Testament which is translated good news. If we are to preach to unbelievers, we must go where they are, out in the public.

Example 4: This is from our Lord Himself in Mark 1:14-15 Now after John was put in prison, Jesus came to Galilee, preaching the gospel of the kingdom of God, and saying, “The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God is at hand. Repent, and believe in the gospel.” The same Kēryssō is used here by Mark describing the first recorded words and ministry of our Lord – proclaiming the Gospel.

If you look in the Gospels you will see that numerous times Jesus preached and taught in public places where crowds gathered. Even in the temple He cried out with a loud voice. (John 7:37-38) This was probably the outer court where the masses of people were.

Other Scriptures on Preaching:

Luke 24:47 and that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in His name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.

Mark 6:12 So they went out and preached that people should repent.

Mark 16:15 And He said to them, “Go into all the world and preach the gospel to every creature.

Mark 16:20 And they went out and preached everywhere, the Lord working with them and confirming the word through the accompanying signs. Amen.

Acts 18:9 Now the Lord spoke to Paul in the night by a vision, “Do not be afraid, but speak, and do not keep silent;

Acts 20:20 how I (Paul) kept back nothing that was helpful, but proclaimed it to you, and taught you publicly and from house to house,

Acts 26:19-20 “Therefore, King Agrippa, I was not disobedient to the heavenly vision, but declared first to those in Damascus and in Jerusalem, and throughout all the region of Judea, and then to the Gentiles, that they should repent, turn to God, and do works befitting repentance.

Ephesians 6:19-20 and for me, that utterance may be given to me, that I may open my mouth boldly to make known the mystery of the gospel, for which I am an ambassador in chains; that in it I may speak boldly, as I ought to speak.

Colossians 4:3-4 meanwhile praying also for us, that God would open to us a door for the word, to speak the mystery of Christ, for which I am also in chains, that I may make it manifest, as I ought to speak.

2 Timothy 4:1-2 I charge you therefore before God and the Lord Jesus Christ, who will judge the living and the dead at His appearing and His kingdom: Preach the word! Be ready in season and out of season. Convince, rebuke, exhort, with all longsuffering and teaching.

Titus 1:3 but has in due time manifested His word through preaching, which was committed to me according to the commandment of God our Savior;

Revelation 14:6 Then I saw another angel flying in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach to those who dwell on the earth—to every nation, tribe, tongue, and people.

All scripture above use the New King James Version®, ©1982, Thomas Nelson, Inc. All rights reserved! NKJV is a ™ of Thomas Nelson Publishers

The Triumphal Entry

Jesus Rides into Jerusalem

A Narrative Using All Four Gospel Accounts

Matthew 21:1-11 ~  Mark 11:1-11 ~ Luke 19:28-40 ~ John 12:12-17

Now when they drew near Jerusalem, and came to Bethphage, and Bethany, at the Mount of Olives, then Jesus sent two disciples, saying to them, “Go into the village opposite you, and immediately you will find a donkey tied, and a colt with her, on which no one has sat. Loose them and bring them to Me. And if anyone says anything to you, you shall say, ‘The Lord has need of them,’ and immediately he will send them.”

All this was done that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying: “Tell the daughter of Zion, Not to fear. ​‘Behold, your King is coming to you, ​​Lowly, and sitting on a donkey, ​​A colt, the foal of  a donkey.” Zech 9:9

His disciples did not understand these things at first; but when Jesus was glorified, and then they remembered that these things were written about Him and that they had done these things to Him.

The disciples went their way, and found the colt tied by the door outside on the street just as He had said to them, and they loosed it. As they were loosing the colt, some of those who stood there, the owners, said to them, “What are you doing, loosing the colt?” And they said, “The Lord has need of him,” just as Jesus had commanded. So they let them go.

So they brought the donkey and the colt, laid their clothes on them, and set Him on them. And a very great multitude spread their clothes on the road; others cut down leafy branches from the trees and spread them on the road. Also a great multitude that had come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem, took branches of palm trees and went out to meet Him. Then, as He was now drawing near the descent of the Mount of Olives, the multitudes who went before and those who followed began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works they had seen. They cried out, saying:

“Hosanna to the Son of David! ​‘Blessed is He, who comes in the name of the LORD!’ Hosanna in the highest!”

​​​Blessed is the kingdom of our father David, the King of Israel ​​The King that  comes in the name of the Lord! ​​Hosanna in the highest!” Peace in heaven and glory in the highest!”

And when He had come into Jerusalem, all the city was moved, saying, “Who is this?” So the multitudes said, “This is Jesus, the prophet from Nazareth of Galilee.” Therefore the people, who were with Him when He called Lazarus out of his tomb and raised him from the dead, bore witness. For this reason the people also met Him, because they heard that He had done this sign. The Pharisees therefore said among themselves, “You see that you are accomplishing nothing. Look, the world has gone after Him! And some of the Pharisees called to Him from the crowd, “Teacher, rebuke Your disciples.” But He answered and said to them, “I tell you that if these should keep silent, the stones would immediately cry out.”

Quick Notes on the Triumphal Entry

Because the above narrative is taken from all four Gospel accounts, I will point out that Matthew’s account has the disciples bringing the donkey and the colt according to Jesus’ instructions. I don’t believe Jesus arranged this before hand by natural means. I believe because He is God, that He arranged it supernaturally putting it into the hearts of those who owned it to let it go for the Lord’s use.

This was a fulfillment of Zech 9:9. Some have said that the daughter of Zion is the Church. I don’t thing so. I think it is the Jewish people based primarily on the fact that the prophecy was fulfilled at that juncture. He was coming to the Jews. Zion refers to the hill or temple mount within the city of David, or the city of David itself. Basically the heart of Jerusalem. Interesting that the disciples were unaware of this prophecy at the time, thus concluding there was no manipulation on the part of the followers of Jesus to try to cause Messianic prophecies to happen based on there human efforts.

Of course when they obeyed the Lord they found the situation with the donkey’s colt just as He had told them.

We seem to forget when we celebrate what we call “Palm Sunday” that clothes were also put down in front of the King. This is a sign of homage. The palms were probably used in a joyous festival sense. The details mention that people were both following Him and coming out to meet Him from the city. This must have been quite a site.

The crowd’s hailing Jesus as the Son of David-no doubt a Messianic title and Hosanna, which means, “salvation now”. I am sure they thought He was going to take over at this point as King. Perhaps this let down of the Kingdom to start and the Roman rule to end, is partially the reason for the crowds to turn on Jesus and yell crucify, crucify only a few days later.

The crowds, which many I’m sure were true believers were praising Jesus for all of His wonderful works, namely, Lazarus being raised from the dead. Jesus was accepting the praises and worship of the people which in turn made the Pharisees furious. Note that they never denied His miracles.

Daniel’s Prophecy – The Coming  Prince

In brief I want to point out how part of Daniel’s 70th week prophecy relates to Jesus Christ presenting Himself as King as he rode into Jerusalem on a donkey’s colt the week preceding His crucifixion. Bye the way this is the only time Jesus presents Himself as the King of Israel and allows his disciples and the multitudes to hail Him as such. On this grand scale climax in response to His ministry and in particular the raising of Lazarus from the dead; Jesus receives praise and worship from the people as He enters Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives. The Son of David was probably the most common title of the Messiah used by the Jews of Jesus’ day. The common people attributed it to Him on many occasions. What we know as the triumphal entry is no exception. This made the Jewish leaders furious and there response to this is found in Matt 21:15-16 Luke 19:38-40

Dan 9:20-27 is known as the 70th week prophecy. In Dan 9:26 there is an event that starts this timeline. It is when the command to restore Jerusalem is given. Ezra records three different decrees but these are not the one because they are decrees to rebuild the temple. Daniel specifically says it was to restore and build Jerusalem, the city. The commandment to restore and build Jerusalem was given by Artaxerxes Longimanus  on March 14, 445 B.C. The account is found in Neh 2:1-8. By doing the semi-complicated math you will discover that from the time of that command until Messiah the Prince there would be 173,880 days. Jesus rode into Jerusalem on a donkey on April 6, 32 A.D. exactly 173,880 days. To resolve the equation one has to account for things like a 360 day calendar the Jews used, leap years, a calendar year versus a solar year, 1 BC and 1 AD are the same year. Sir Robert Anderson and Dr. Harold Hoehner have both done extensive calculations on this and although having different ways in their determining the dates both conclude that the exact number of days has occurred from the command in Nehemiah until  the triumphal entry by Jesus of Nazareth, just as the Word of God  predicted.

A further value of the literal approach of Dr. Hoehner is that this prophecy provides an exact time in which Israel’s Messiah was predicted to show up in history. “And when He approached, He saw the city and wept over it, saying, ‘If you had known in this day, even you, the things which make for peace! But now they have been hidden from your eyes.  . . . because you did not recognize the time of your visitation’” Luke  19:41-42, 44. How was Israel to have known the time of their visitation? From a literal understanding of Daniel’s prophecy. In fact, this prophecy, along with Christ’s fulfillment of every other first coming Messianic prophecy proves beyond a shadow of a doubt that Jesus was Israel’s Messiah. Many Jews have come to faith, over the years, as a result of being challenged by this prediction about the time of Messiah’s coming. It is clear that a literal interpretation of this passage is demanded by the text itself. [footnote 1]

Authenticating the Book of Daniel

Archaeological Evidence
The fact that Nebuchadnezzar pillaged lands which included Israel during his first year as king is re-corded on Babylonian tablets known as the Babylonian Chronicles.

According to the Bible in Dan 1:3-4, During the invasion of Jerusalem in 606 B.C., Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon instructed Ashpenaz  the Master of his eunuchs, to bring back some of the children of Israel to serve in the king’s palace and to teach them the language and literature of the Chaldeans. He picked Daniel along with his three friends, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah. Remarkably, the office of Master of the Eunuchs has been confirmed  by Archaeology. Housed in the British museum is a clay tablet inscribed with the words “Rab-Saris.” In Aramaic, the word Rab interpreted means Master and Saris (-saw-reece’) means Eunuchs.

Another amazing fact about the book of Daniel is that in 1947 the first of the Dead Sea scrolls were discovered. They contained fragments of all the books of the Old Testament except the book of Esther. Among them is a copy of Daniel. Chapters 2:4 through chapters 7:28 are written in the ancient Aramaic language known as Chaldee (the language of Babylon), the same language used in documents of the 7th century B.C. This is another confirmation of the fact that the events spoken of in the book of Daniel were written down by Daniel during the time of his captivity in Babylon.

Dating the Book of Daniel
Consider the following facts relative to the prophet Daniel, and the book that bears his name.

(1) The internal testimony of the book is that it was authored by Daniel 7:2 8:1 9:2 12:4. That affirmation should not be rejected unless there is compelling evidence to do so.

(2) As an historical person, Daniel is mentioned in the book of Ezekiel 14:14-20 and those brief descriptions are consistent with the data in the book of Daniel 28:3.

(3) The ancient Jews believed that no books were added to the Old Testament after the time of the Persian ruler Artaxerxes (464-424 B.C.) (Josephus, Against Apion 1.8). They always accepted the book of Daniel as a part of the Scriptures. Hence they did not believe it was composed in the time of   Antiochus, during the “Interbiblical” period. Other books, which were written during the Interbiblical age, were rejected from the divine canon. Why not Daniel as well – if it came from the same era?

(4) Material from Daniel is alluded to and considered as genuine history, in the Apocrypha (cf. 1 Maccabees 2:59-60).

(5) Christ referred to the prophecy regarding the destruction of Jerusalem Dan 9:27, and he declared that it “was spoken through the prophet Daniel” Matt 24:15. If the book of Daniel was a fraudulent production, Christ was either ignorant of the matter, or dishonest about the prophecy’s authorship. In either case, if he misstated the matter regarding Daniel, his claim of being the Son of God would be nullified.

(6) The testimony of Josephus is decidedly against the late date for Daniel. First, he mentions that Daniel’s prophecies regarding Alexander the Great were shown to the Greek general as he came toward Jerusalem in the 4th century B.C., and that the illustrious commander was so impressed that he spared the holy city (Antiquities Xl,VIII,3-5). Further, the Jewish historian states that the Hebrew nation suffered many things at the hand of Antiochus Epiphanes, which, he affirms, were “according to Daniel’s vision and what he wrote many years before they came to pass”   (Antiquities X.Xl.7 – emp. added). He not only affirms the accuracy of Daniel’s testimony, but also adds his weight to the chronological antiquity of the document. This is powerful evidence.

(7) The precision of the details within the book relative to the city of Babylon argues that the writer was an eye-witness of that ancient culture, and not a citizen of Judea some three and a half centuries later. It is an indisputable fact that the farther an author is removed, both in time and in distance from the subject of his narration, the more indefinite he becomes with respect to societal classes, sects, customs, etc. The book of Daniel, however, is very specific with reference to matters pertaining to Babylon. [footnote 2]

Historical Evidence
The account of world history is so accurate in the book of Daniel that the critics insist it was written after the fact. It goes without saying, of course, that the critics of the Bible would reject   the evidence of Daniel’s prophecies. Skeptics begin with the initial assumption that no such thing as divinely inspired “prophecy” exists; therefore, Daniel, in the 6th century B.C., simply could not have foretold the details that are a part of his book.

Thus Porphyry, a 3rd century AD. philosopher, argued that the book of Daniel was written by some unknown scribe who lived in Judea during the time of Antiochus Epiphanes. He insisted that the events depicted in Daniel’s narrative correspond precisely with the facts of history up to the time of Antiochus, that the record must have been history, not prophecy. If it thus can be   established that the book of Daniel actually dates significantly before the mid-second century B.C., Porphyry’s concession of the document’s accuracy becomes a powerful argument for the divine nature of the book of Daniel!

The Septuagint
In order to make the Old Testament available to the average Jewish reader, a project was undertaken under the sponsorship of Ptolemy II Philadelphus (285-246 B.C.) to translate the Hebrew Scriptures into Greek. Seventy scholars were commissioned to complete this work and their result is known as the “Septuagint” translation. It is critical to realize that the Book of Daniel existed in documented form in the Septuagint almost three centuries before Christ was born.

Other Evidence
Portions of the Daniel manuscript from the Dead Sea scrolls reveal, upon the basis of paleographic evidence (i.e., writing style), that the original document was composed several hundred years prior to the 2nd century B.C. (cf. Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible, I, 1988, p. 573).


footnote 1: The Seventy Weeks of Daniel Part VI by Thomas Ice

footnote 2: An Amazing Prophecy in the Book of Daniel By Wayne Jackson – Other Sources: The Arrival of the King,  John MacArthur Code 1293 sermon downloads, Grace to You Anderson, Robert, The Coming  Prince, Hodder & Stoughton, London,  1894. The classic work on the Seventy Weeks of Daniel. Chuck Missler  Daniel’s 70 Weeks November 2004  Personal Update News Journal.